Low Cholesterol Diet (based on TLC Program Guidelines)

 

Why follow a low cholesterol diet?

Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that can build up in arteries increasing chances for developing heart disease or stroke.

 

Definitions:

 

Important Points to Keep in Mind

 

Food Categories:

Foods Recommended:

Foods to Avoid:

BREAD/STARCHES

6-8 oz with 3 oz as whole grains (1 oz = 1 slice bread, 1 cup cereal, ½ cup rice, ½ cup pasta)

Use whole grain breads and low fat rolls; crackers such as animal, graham or saltine with unsalted tops; whole grains like low-fat popcorn, Triscuits®, and Wheat Thins®; whole wheat pasta and brown rice.

Butter rolls; commercial doughnuts, muffins, biscuits, waffles, pancakes, and store-bought mixes.

VEGETABLES

2 ½ - 3 cups

All vegetables (frozen or fresh are lower in sodium)

Fried vegetables; cream, butter, cheese sauce

FRUIT

1 ½ - 2 cups

All fruits except coconut and avocado (look for those canned in light syrup, juice or water; or choose fresh or frozen)

Coconut or avocado; fruit in cream or custard

MEAT & PROTEIN ALTERNATES

5-6 ounces

All lean, well-trimmed beef, veal, por, and lamb; all chicken and turkey without skin; wild game; low-fat cheeses, low-fat cottage cheese; 2 egg yolks per week; 1 ½ oz nuts per day

Prime and other heavily marbled and fatty meats; frankfurters, sausage, bacon, high-fat luncheon meats, fried chicken or fish; whole-milk type cheeses, processed cheese

MILK

3 cups

Skim or 1%

Light, low-fat yogurt

Whole milk

Yogurt, buttermilk, malted milk

SOUPS

Low-fat broth soups; homemade cream soups with skim milk

Cream soups; convenience entrees unless low-fat

DESSERTS & SWEETS

Sherbert, gelatins, angel food cake, meringues, low-fat homemade desserts with recommended oil; jam, jelly, honey, syrup, sugar candies (beware of high sugar foods)

Commercially prepared cakes, pies, cookies, frostings, and puddings; ice cream; chocolate

FATS & OILS

5-7 teaspoons (include that hidden in food)

Canola oil; olive and soybean oils are also acceptable.  Use a soft tube margarine.

Solid fats and shortenings, butter, lard, bacon drippings; gravy with meat fat; hydrogenated vegetable oil; coconut oil; palm oil or palm kernel oil.

BEVERAGES

Coffee, tea, regular or diet beverages, mineral water; alcohol in moderation.

Beverages containing fats, salts, egg yolks, specialty coffees.

CONDIMENTS

Herbs and spices, cocoa, substitute sweetener

Carob powder made with hydrogenated fats; tartar sauce; cream

 

 

TRY THESE EXTRAS

 

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:  

 

For more information or to schedule an individual assessment contact:

Brenna Swanson, MS, LRD, 701-256-6208    bswanson@utma.com